lung disease riskEvery job has its own risks, including in terms of lung health. But there are 10 jobs that can be risky and harmful to lung health.
“Most types of lung disease caused by work can be prevented, the simple steps in controlling it can reduce exposure and also its risk,” said Philip Harber, MD, professor and head of the UCLA Occupational and Environmental Medicine Division, according to Health.
Here are 10 areas of work that may pose a risk to the health of one’s lungs:
Workers can inhale dust from renovation activities, which means they are risk of contracting lung cancer, mesothelioma and asbestos, which is a disease that causes scarring and stiffness in the lungs. For that, protective clothing including respirator (special masks) is needed when working around the building and avoid smoking.
Factory worker could be exposed to dust, chemicals and gases that can increase the risk of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). Certain chemicals such as diacetyl flavorings used in microwave popcorn, wine and food factories could cause a devastating disease which is bronchiolitis obliterans. Simple steps such as wearing a mask when using hazardous chemicals can reduce the risk.
It is estimated that about 8-12 percent of health workers are very sensitive to the existing powder on latex gloves, which can cause severe reactions or trigger asthma and allergies.
Byssinosis or known by the name of brown lung disease is a common condition among textile workers who make seats, towels, socks, sheets and clothing. When the cotton is separated will create some dust that causes significant damage to the air flow, these particles also exist from other materials. To reduce it, wear mask, improve ventilation and avoid cigarette smoke.
Serving drinks in a room full of cigarette smoke places bartenders at high risk of lung disease, particularly if they are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke for many years.
This work can trigger asthma due to flour dust very significant develop allergic sensitization. Another common thing is the reaction of asthma to enzymes used in making dough, and other allergens are often found in flour.
Automotive workers, particular in the car body parts repair are very likely to develop asthma. This is because products such as spray paint and polyurethane isocyanate may cause skin irritation, allergies, shortness of breath and cause severe breathing difficulties. The use of a respirator, gloves, goggles and good ventilation can be very helpful.
Truck drivers, public transport and those who served in the loading and unloading business are at risk of COPD. This condition is often affected due to air pollution from motor vehicles.
Miners are at high risk of a number of lung diseases such as COPD (due to dust exposure) and silicosis (scarring disease of the lungs due to silica Airborne). Meanwhile, coal miners are at risk of lung disease called pneumokoniosis (black lung). This disease is a long term investment, hence the use of masks that can filter fine dust can help.
Firefighters are at risk of inhaling smoke and various chemicals that may exist inside the burning building. Exposure to toxic materials and asbestos is a risk that often occurs after the fire goes out. For that respiratory protective equipment should always be used at all stages of firefighting.